How do braces work?
All orthodontic appliances are first designed based upon the required outcome. There are several considerations to be made:
- Proper position of each tooth required in the horizontal axis
- The correct alignment of each tooth in the vertical axis
- The desired result for the functioning of upper and lower teeth
- The final desired cosmetics
Then constant and gentle pressure is applied to move teeth into a new position. Braces are continuously at work throughout treatment.
How tooth movement occurs
As the components of braces put constant gentle pressure on the teeth, specialized bone cells in the jawbone move the bone in the direction of the movement and lay down new bone in the spaces left by the tooth behind it.
This way the teeth “move” with their full support structures still in place. It is important that the pressure applied is gentle and not too intense to allow for adequate “bone remodeling” (the adding and removing of bone).
The teeth travel through bone in response to continuous light pressure. This is a biological process which takes time and cannot be hurried. Everyone has a different biological response time, and treatment times may vary in different individuals.
Tooth movement is also dependent on which particular teeth straightening system is applied. View treatment methods here.
We can also offer help if your previous braces have not worked the way you desired.